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History of efforts to create a Hawaiian tribe during the 117th Congress (January 2021 through December 2022), including efforts to create a state-recognized tribe and efforts to get federal recognition through Dept. of Interior regulation, executive order, or Congressional legislation; and efforts to get local and international recognition of an alleged continuing independent nation of Hawaii. President Biden supports single bill to give long-delayed federal recognition to numerous tribes including Native Hawaiians. Brian Schatz (D, HI) is now Chair of Senate Committee on Hawaiian Affairs.


(c) Copyright 2021-2022 Kenneth R. Conklin, Ph.D. All rights reserved

On this page is the history of efforts to create a Hawaiian tribe during the 117th Congress (January 2020 through December 2022), including efforts to create a state-recognized tribe and efforts to get federal recognition through Dept. of Interior regulation, executive order, or Congressional legislation; and efforts to get local and international recognition of an alleged continuing independent nation of Hawaii.

The history includes a collection of all significant news reports, editorials, commentaries, letters to editor, cartoons, bills in the Hawaii state legislature or the U.S. Congress; sovereignty protests, court activity, and lobbying both locally and internationally; etc.

The index for the entire 2 years of the 117th Congress (January 2021 through December 2022) is shown below, in chronological order, subdivided into several time periods as events unfold. Full text of each news report, commentary, etc. is provided on the subpage for the appropriate time period.


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QUICK SUMMARY OF WHAT HAPPENED FROM 2000 THROUGH 2020

The "Akaka bill" to create a federally recognized Hawaiian tribe was in Congress continuously for 13 years, from summer 2000 through the end of 2012. There were perhaps 20 different versions of the bill; and occasionally two or three versions were pending at the same time. The bill passed the House in three different Congresses. It nearly passed the Senate by stealth at the end of 2000. On several occasions during the 13 years Senator Inouye tried to attach the Akaka bill as a rider to "must-pass" military appropriations bills; including a couple times when he exercised his power as committee chairman to insert it "by reference" as a single sentence "earmark" deep inside those bills at the last minute without consulting other Senators. In later years Inouye also tried to simply add the Hawaiian tribe to the list of federally recognized tribes in a single sentence deep inside the Department of Interior appropriations bill, but his subterfuge was discovered and deleted. The closest it came to passage by normal methods in the Senate was June 2006 when a cloture motion to stop a Republican filibuster was debated for about 6 hours during two days, with dozens of Senators speaking on the floor; but got only 56 votes thereby failing cloture by 4 votes.

In December 2012 Senator Inouye unexpectedly fell ill and was hospitalized and died; at the same time Senator Akaka was in his final few weeks before retiring. Senator Akaka stood on the Senate floor and begged his fellow Senators to pass the bill in tribute to Inouye, but they wisely ignored his plaintive plea. During the 113th Congress from 2013 through 2014 there was no Akaka bill in Congress. Instead, the State of Hawaii Office of Hawaiian Affairs made use of Act 195, Hawaii session laws of 2011, to build a new racial registry and make plans for an election of delegates to write a tribal constitution. Meanwhile the Obama administration began a process of rewriting the rules for federal recognition of Indian tribes generally, and working toward creating a new rule specially formulated to accommodate an expected application from a "tribe" in the process of being created by OHA.

During the 114th Congress from 2015 through 2016, there was no Akaka bill in Congress. Instead, the Obama administration's Department of Interior went through its rule-making process and on October 14, 2016 published in the Federal Register a "final rule" to take effect on November 14, which provides a process whereby ethnic Hawaiians can create a tribe, adopt a tribal constitution, elect tribal chiefs, and apply to the Secretary of Interior for federal recognition. The entire process of creating the "final rule" was done entirely without any Congressional action and without any approval by the State of Hawaii or its people. Also the entire process spelled out in the rule for holding a racially exclusionary election of delegates, writing a tribal Constitution, holding a racially exclusionary vote to approve the tribal Constitution, and applying for and receiving federal recognition as a tribe -- all those things would be done entirely without any Congressional action and without any approval by the State of Hawaii or its people.

The 115th Congress, January 2017 to December 2018, was controlled by Republicans in both the Senate and House, while President Donald Trump was also a Republican. Throughout the entire 115th Congress there was nothing like the Akaka bill. Racial entitlement programs for ethnic Hawaiians were occasionally attacked in Congress when their reauthorization bills were under consideration, but in the end they continued to be funded. In Hawaii the legislature refused to pass several "normal" racial entitlement bills, including a bill to greatly increase the amount of money to give to OHA in lieu of its 20% share of ceded land revenue (the amount "owed" cannot be determined due to lack of an inventory of the ceded lands). On October 14, 2016 the outgoing Obama Department of Interior had proclaimed in the Federal Register a "final rule" authorizing a process for creation of a Hawaiian tribe which could then seek federal recognition; but during 2017-2018 there was no publicly visible activity to implement it (presumably because the tribalists realized they could not succeed while Trump was President). The confirmation of 2 Trump nominees to the Supreme Court (Gorsuch and Kavanaugh) caused great unhappiness among Hawaiian tribalists and Indian tribes on the continent. The 2018 election resulted in tribalist OHA trustees Rowena Akana and Peter Apo (both the focus of scandals) being replaced by Kalei Akaka (granddaughter of Senator Dan Akaka) and Brendon Lee (who had served as head of the month-long meeting which wrote a proposed constitution for the Hawaiian tribe). In the absence of any significant movement toward creating a tribe, there was increased attention to efforts to gain international recognition of Hawaii as an allegedly continuing independent nation, through protests and lawsuits in Hawaii regarding Mauna Kea and taxes on land, and lobbying activity in the United Nations (both New York and Geneva).

The 116th Congress, January 2019 to December 2020, was controlled by Democrats in the House and by Republicans in the Senate, while President Donald Trump was also a Republican. Throughout the entire 116th Congress there was nothing like the Akaka bill. Racial entitlement programs for ethnic Hawaiians were occasionally attacked in Congress when their reauthorization bills were under consideration, but in the end they continued to be funded. There was no significant activity at the federal level regarding Hawaiian sovereignty, perhaps because everyone knew President Trump's Department of Interior would never allow it. Hawaii Senator Brian Schatz was a member of the Indian Affairs Committee and the Appropriations Committee, both of which enabled him to push for federal recognition of a Hawaiian tribe (which he did not do) and for racial entitlement programs (which he did successfully many times). Senator Mazie Hirono, on the Judiciary Committee, is a backbencher airhead who made no significant impact other than embarrassing Hawaii and herself by ridiculous attacks on Trump and his Supreme Court nominees. Newly elected Hawaii Congressman Ed Case, who served in the U.S. House previously, was a member of both the Appropriations Committee and the Natural Resources Committee (which includes a subcommittee functioning as the Indian Affairs committee for the House), both of which enabled him to push for federal recognition of a Hawaiian tribe (which he did not do) and for racial entitlement programs (which he did successfully many times). Schatz and Case are also friends because of their years of previous service in the Hawaii state House of Representatives. They mirrored each other in the Senate and House on the same two committees that are essential for the success of Hawaiian tribalism funded by federal megabucks. They engaged in straightforward legislation; but no Inouye-style stealth maneuvers focused on appropriations bills for Department of Defense or Department of Interior. Congresswoman Tulsi Gabbard launched a campaign for the Democrat Party nomination for President, won lots of media attention but almost no delegates, and announced her retirement after 8 years in Congress with few accomplishments, no clear plans for the future, and might leave Hawaii. Her newly elected replacement for the 117th Congress is Kaiali'i Kahele, an ethnic Hawaiian already displaying race-activism and huge egotism during his orientation period for new members in December 2020 (Hawaiian-language prayer and chant at Kamehameha statue in Capitol; tweet to Biden Dept of Interior nominee falsely proclaiming that Hawaiian language was made illegal for a century following overthrow of the monarchy). Kahele easily won election to Congress representing Hawaii district 2 (rural O'ahu plus all neighbor islands), replacing Tulsi Gabbard. "Kahele said he anticipates being a voice for Hawaiians and other indigenous people in congress, and that he expects to take on issues related to Hawaiian Homelands and federal recognition."
In Hawaii the legislature refused to pass several "normal" racial entitlement bills, including a bill to greatly increase the amount of money to give to OHA in lieu of its 20% share of ceded land revenue (the amount "owed" cannot be determined mathematically due to lack of an inventory of the ceded lands). During 2019 Leon Siu, self-declared foreign minister of the Kingdom of Hawaii, continued lobbying the United Nations both in New York and Geneva, seeking support for Hawaii independence; but throughout 2020 he suspended activities at U.N. due to COVID virus. Ethnic Hawaiians created race-based "Aloha 'Aina" political party certified to place candidates on the ballot for state elections in November 2020; but got very few votes. OHA made major effort through website, TV and social media to get ethnic Hawaiians to vote for ethnic Hawaiian candidates. Online and print newspapers propagandized that ethnic Hawaiians are huge victims of Coronavirus; and also that DHHL should be allowed to build a gambling casino on Kapolei Hawaiian Homeland. OHA trustee Keli'i Akina, opponent of the tribal concept, won re-election to another 4-year term. OHA chair Carmen Hulu Lindsey, after 20 years on the board, lost re-election to a relatively unknown former beauty queen.

The 117th Congress, January 2021 through December 2022, has a House controlled by a very small majority of Democrats; and a Senate evenly split 50-50 with Democrat Vice President Kamala Harris available to break any tie votes, and Democrat President Joe Biden. News report says Biden will support expected omnibus tribal recognition bill to give federal recognition simultaneously to numerous tribes which have sought recognition for many years, including Hawaiians. 43CFR50, a regulation proclaimed by outgoing Obama Department of Interior on October 14, 2016, provides a pathway to federal recognition which remains asleep but can be easily implemented if Hawaiian activists decide to use it. Newly elected Hawaii Rep. Kaiali'i Kahele has pledged to support racial entitlement programs and Hawaiian sovereignty; veteran Congressman Ed Case has always supported it and serves on House subcommittee overseeing Indian affairs; Senator Brian Schatz devoted his maiden speech in 2013 to pushing the Akaka bill (which did not exist at that time) and has spent his entire time in Senate as member of both the Indian Affairs Committee and the Appropriations Committee. Schatz is now Chairman of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, where he will wield power similar to previous Hawaii Senators who were Chairs of the committee: Inouye and Akaka.

A webpage reviews the history of efforts to get official government recognition of ethnic Hawaiians as a political entity or Indian tribe -- a narrative summary covering 21 years 2000 through 2020, broken into two-year Congressional periods. Each "Congress" has a link to an index for that two year period, broken into sub-indexes in chronological order, linking to webpages providing full text of news reports, commentary, and lawsuits regarding the Akaka bill in Congress, stealth maneuvers by Senator Inouye, Obama Department of Interior regulatory process, Hawaii legislature bills and resolutions, etc.; and efforts to gain local and international recognition of Hawaii as an allegedly continuing independent nation, through protests and lawsuits in Hawaii regarding Mauna Kea and taxes on land, and lobbying activity in the United Nations (both New York and Geneva). Go to
https://big11a.angelfire.com/AkakaHistSummary2000to2022.html


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INDEX OF NEWS REPORTS AND COMMENTARIES FROM JANUARY 1 THROUGH APRIL 30, 2021

January 3, 2021: Tom Yamachika, President of the Tax Foundation of Hawaii, explains that the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act allows Indian tribes to conduct gaming operations in a State, even if the State doesn’t agree, under certain conditions. Basically, you need to have an Indian tribe, Indian lands, and gambling that is permitted by the State. So the DHHL proposal to put a casino on the Hawaiian Homelands would allow tribes from the mainland to build their own casinos in Hawaii.

Jan 6: Free Hawaii blog publishes YouTube video based on Buffalo N.Y. news report warning that President-elect Biden supports a planned bill in Congress to give long-delayed federal recognition to numerous Indian tribes including Native Hawaiians. Full text of news report is provided.

Jan 21: Honolulu TV news: Some are renewing a push for federal recognition of Native Hawaiians under Biden administration
The new administration is opening the door for federal recognition for Native Hawaiians, allowing greater self-determination and control similar to other Native American tribes.

Jan 23: Leon Siu, who styles himself Foreign Minister of the Hawaiian Kingdom, publishes Ke Aupuni Update for January. 10,000 Hawaiian flags were planted in the state Capitol grounds for opening day of the legislature. New U.S. President Joe Biden inherits the obligation to carry out the executive agreement he made with [ex]queen Lili'uokalani to help restore the monarchy.

Jan 26: Biden Raises Hopes For Native Hawaiians Seeking Federal Recognition But the idea is controversial as many don’t think that establishing a nation within a nation is the best option.

February 4, 2021: Senator Brian Schatz (D, HI) is now Chairman of Indian Affairs Committee. Several news reports; video of 7-minute speech. See also Conklin webpage "Rebuttal to maiden speech by U.S. Senator Brian Schatz (D,HI) on June 11, 2013 pleading for federal recognition for a phony Akaka tribe"
https://www.angelfire.com/big09/AkakaSchatzMaiden061113.html

Feb 7: Leon Siu, who styles himself Foreign Minister of the Hawaiian Kingdom, publishes Ke Aupuni Update expressing happiness that DHHL proposal for casino is stalled in legislature; and warning about new push for federal recognition of phony Hawaiian tribe by inserting "Native Hawaiian" into a bill to simultaneously recognize numerous real tribes; urging signups on petition to remove McKinley statue and name from Honolulu high school.

Feb 15: Senator Brian Schatz (D, HI) is not only chairman of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee, but also chair of an appropriations subcommittee where he can send billions of dollars to Hawaii; and also chair of Democrat special committee on climate change.

Feb 20: Leon Siu, who styles himself Foreign Minister of the Hawaiian Kingdom, publishes Ke Aupuni Update: "We Are a NATION! We Are Not a TRIBE! ... Bundling Native Hawaiians into a bill with real American Indian tribes that want Federal Recognition, practically guarantees passage. That means, Hawaiians would get swept along in a fed Rec group plan."

Feb 21: Honolulu Star-Advertiser editorial columnist reports "This is not the time, Schatz said, for another version of a Native Hawaiian sovereignty bill as envisioned by Akaka. Instead, the new chairman said he wants to work to 'enhance the trust relationship that already exists with the federal government and Native Hawaiians and enhance revenue streams with education, health, housing and broadband.' ... “Under (former President Barack) Obama, there was the beginning of the self-determination process. My thought is to help that along, but self-determination means self-determination. That means a consensus has to be developed among Hawaiians about the relationship they want or don’t want between a Native Hawaiian governing entity and the federal government. It is not ripe yet,' said Schatz."

Feb 24: OHA press release: Board Chair Carmen “Hulu” Lindsey testified this morning at the first hearing of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs chaired by U.S. Senator Brian Schatz (D-Hawaiʻi), urging senators to help address the needs of Native Hawaiians. Full text of press release, links to entire written testimony and video of her speech to them.

Feb 27: Free Hawaii blog notes that OHA Chair Hulu Lindsey's testimony to Senate Committee on Indian Affairs indicates intention to push for federal recognition of Hawaiian tribe.

March 4, 2021: Ethnic Hawaiian professor at University of Toronto authors article in "The Guardian" newspaper warning "The Biden administration is set to officially recognize a Native Hawaiian government. That may sound positive, but it isn’t"

March 14: A 28-minute YouTube interview of Leon Siu "Thereʻs been some amazing Hawaiian Kingdom progress lately at the United Nations in both New York and Geneva."

March 17-19: Hawaii House Committee on Education holds hearing on resolution asking Department of Education to remove the name of President McKinley from that high school and to remove his statue from that campus; resolution draws strong testimony in opposition and gets shelved.

March 31-April 1, 2021: Robin Danner, President of the so-called Sovereign Council of Hawaiian Homestead Associations, writes to new U.S. Dept. of Interior Secretary Haaland portraying SCHHA as the same as a tribe and asking for bureaucratic changes at DOI to make that seem true.

Apr 12: Anne Keala Kelly to DOI Sec Haaland 'We're not Native Americans'

Apr 16: Hawaiian cultural practitioners, community leaders and activists who speak for Hawaiian rights and the protection of Mauna Kea, send letter to Secretary of Interior, Deb Haaland, in advance of a congressional proposal for Hawaiian reparations. Letter alleges illegal overthrow of monarchy, illegal annexation, U.S. belligerent occupation of Hawaii.

Apr 24: Leon Siu, who styles himself Foreign Minister of the Hawaiian Kingdom, publishes Ke Aupuni Update: Black lives matter, Asian lives matter, but don't Hawaiian lives matter? How haoles invaded Hawaii, created a fake Republic and then Territory and then State of Hawaii; and converting natives into loyal Americans, forgetting our language, our culture, our history and identity. McKinley High School was the center of brainwashing Asian immigrants to become Americans and support the haoles.

Apr 27:
(a) Indian Country Today online newspaper publishes news release: "The Association of Hawaiians for Homestead Lands (AHHL) join the Sovereign Council of Hawaiian Homestead Associations (SCHHA) in congratulating the first Native American to lead the Department of the Interior (DOI), where the federal agency has a direct duty of protection and oversight of all native Hawaiians defined under a 100-year-old federal law."
(b) Today, U.S. Senator Brian Schatz (D-Hawai‘i), chairman of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, released the following statement on the Department of the Interior’s announcement on steps it is taking to restore Tribal homelands, empower Tribal governments, and better manage Indian lands.
List of Relevant Biden Administration Documents (i.e., executive orders) ["includes a Carcieri Fix" which Congress has refused to pass every year since the Supreme Court ruled in the Carcieri case]
List of Withdrawn Trump Administration Documents
(c) US Department of the Interior News Release. Interior Department Takes Steps to Restore Tribal Homelands, Empower Tribal Governments to Better Manage Indian Lands

FULL TEXT OF ITEMS FROM JANUARY 1 THROUGH APRIL 30, 2021 ARE AT
https://big11a.angelfire.com/AkakaHist117StartJan2021.html


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INDEX OF NEWS REPORTS AND COMMENTARIES FROM MAY 1 THROUGH AUGUST 31, 2021

May 7, 2021: Brown University student-run magazine for political journalism publishes interview with an obscure ethnic Hawaiian independence activist/scholar who deplores the Biden administration's likely push for federal recognition for a Hawaiian tribe, and who supports Hawaiian independence as the solution for U.S. imperialist settler colonial capitalism.

May 15: Twice-monthly Ke Aupuni update by Leon Siu, who stles himself as Foreign Minister of the continuing sovereign Kingdom of Hawaii. Touts Star-Advertiser major article saying U.S. owes Hawaiians millions of $ of land; decries bill awaiting Gov signature to allow 100-year leases of ceded lands.

May 17: Blockbuster article in National Geographic spews anti-America anti-White propaganda about Hawaii's history, and ongoing oppression of ethnic minorities, in order to create public support for creating federally recognized Hawaiian tribe and giving huge reparations.

May 29, 2021:
(a) Kenneth Conklin, Executive Director of Center for Hawaiian Sovereignty Studies, message to Governor Ige urging him NOT to veto HB499 allowing commercial leases on public lands to be extended to 99 years, despite Hawaiian sovereignty activists pressuring him to veto it;
(b) Leon Siu, self-styled Foreign Minister of the Hawaiian kingdom, twice-monthly Ke Aupuni update says many topics reported in media show rising awareness of the injustice of America's occupation of Hawaii: especially the publicity about proposal to remove name and statue of McKinley from that high school, and (manufactured) controversy over whether Hawaiian surfers at upcoming Olympics will be allowed to wear Hawaiian flags instead of U.S. flags.

June 27, 2021: Leon Siu, self-styled Foreign Minister of the Hawaiian kingdom, Ke Aupuni update trashes July 4; and McKinley High School name and statue.

July 1, 2021: OHA Trustee Keli'i Akina column in OHA monthly newspaper proposes to create a private trust to be owned exclusively by ethnic Hawaiians and that all Native Hawaiian assets currently held by State of Hawaii should be transferred to that trust in order to empower Native Hawaiians to have exclusive control over their own assets. Ken Conklin's comment.

July 4 American Independence Day holiday:
(a) Leon Siu commentary in Honolulu Star-Advertiser laments July 4 history of U.S. control over Hawaii & urges removal of McKinley name and statue from high school. Ken Conklin's online comment.
(b) Honolulu Star-Advertiser, and all major newspapers on all Hawaiian islands, mourns death of anti-U.S. Hawaiian activist Haunani-Kay Trask; newspapers do not publish any content on this holiday to celebrate this holiday.

July 10: Leon Siu, twice-monthly Ke Aupuni Update, again urges removal of McKinley name and statue from McKinley High School; and also about how Hawaii schools allegedly brainwashed kids during the years after annexation to denationalize them from Hawaiian national identity.

July 20: Peter Apo "How To Build A Virtual Hawaiian Nation.
There is a vast network of outstanding Hawaiian organizations. What's missing is leadership." Comment by Ken Conklin

July 24: Leon Siu Aupuni update re tourist invasion; and renewing call to sign petitions to remove McKinley name and status from high school; and to allow Hawaii athletes to compete in Olympics under Hawaiian flag instead of USA flag. And, as always: Send Money!

July 29: Carissa Moore: Surfing Olympic Gold Medalist, Proud American, Native Hawaiian. Ken Conklin Facebook page displays photos of Olympic gold medalist Carissa Moore, a Native Hawaiian, joyfully displaying the U.S. flag as a shawl over her shoulders during triumphal return to the beach after competition, and on bottom of her surfboard, and as the entirety of her facemask during nationally televised interview with NBC reporter Lester Holt -- despite widespread publication of AP and NBCNews articles claiming Native Hawaiian athletes want to reject the U.S. flag and display only the Hawaiian flag as an assertion of continuing existence of an independent natsion of Hawaii.

August 1, 2021: (1) TV news report about July 31 secessionist celebration of July 31 Hawaiian Kingdom holiday "Ka La Ho'iho'i Ea" [Sovereignty Restoration Day: 1843 Britain returned sovereignty to Hawaii King Kamehameha III after a rogue British warship captain had seized control a few months previously to foreclose on unpaid debts]
(2) and (3)
The Office of Hawaiian Affairs is an agency of the state government, spending government money, which publishes a monthly newspaper with circulation of 70,000 copies. 60,000 are mailed each month at no subscription cost to anyone requesting them, and 10,000 are given away through libraries, street newsracks, etc. Recently OHA has become more aggressive in supporting the secession of Hawaii from the USA on the theory that the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy, annexation of Hawaii, and Statehood, were all illegal under international law and therefore Hawaii rightfully remains an independent nation. Below, in the section for August, are full text of two articles published in the OHA monthly newspaper for August:
(2) "Let’s Celebrate on Admission Day!" by a professor at a branch of the state university (salary and facilities paid for with tax dollars);
(3) "Seeking Redress for War Crimes Committed Against the Hawaiian Kingdom" -- an official resolution adopted by the Association of Hawaiian Evangelical Churches (AHEC) of the Hawaiʻi Conference United Church of Christ (UCC), to be forwarded to the worldwide UCC with a recommendation that they should adopt it.

Friday Aug 6 & Monday Aug 9: Honolulu Star-Advertiser publishes editor's puff-piece interview with head of Council for Native Hawaiian Advancement, portraying CNHA as a lovely benevolent provider of help to small businesses seeking publicity and marketing for their products, and describing the CEO as a very nice single father. Then newspaper publishes news report about CNHA CEO meeting President Biden as part of a small group of tribal leaders seeking federal help to raise visibility and assistance for economic development. Nobody mentions the 20-year history of CNHA as a consortium of wealthy, powerful race-based institutions created to push the Akaka bill to create a Hawaiian tribe, get federal recognition for it, and divide the lands and people of Hawaii along racial lines. These two articles together seem intended to soften up public opinion ahead of an expected onslaught of propaganda for Native Hawaiian "nationhood" and racial entitlement programs.

Aug 13-14: Honolulu TV station and online video news blog report that the Chairperson of the House committee that has control over legislation for Indian tribes came to Hilo at the invitation of Hawaii Rep Kai Kahele to celebrate the centennial of the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act (and presumably also to discuss racial entitlement programs and federal recognition for a Hawaiian tribe; and Hawaii Rep. Ed Case also attended.

Aug 16: Leon Siu twice-monthly Aupuni update: Gleefully notes that there is no celebration of 123rd anniversary of Hawaii's annexation to USA; repeats his usual request for donations.

Aug 17: Honolulu Star-Advertiser reports that Robin Danner, chairwoman of the Sovereign Council of Hawaiian Homestead Associations, will move from Kauai to the nation’s capital next month to reopen the advocacy group’s office. This marks the first time in the organization’s 34-year history that it will have full-time representation on the Hill. Conklin online comment notes history of Danner with Council for Native Hawaiian Advancement and chief pusher of Akaka bill.

Aug 25: David Keanu Sai, a leader of the independence movement, trashes several leaders of the tribalists who seek federal recognition of a Hawaiian tribe, regarding their incorrect descriptions of the history of the Mahele (creation of fee-simple private land ownership) which wrongly portrayed native Hawaiians as victims of colonial oppression and exploitation.

August 28, 2021:
(1) Leon Siu twice-monthly Aupuni update: Says Lili'uokalani never surrendered, she only temporarily yielded; says 1993 apolofy is a law, not merely a resolution or bill; says stop referring to continental U.S. as "mainland". Also appeals again for McKinley name & statue to be removed from the school.
(2) NBC News report: Covid spike reignites sovereignty debate among Native Hawaiians “There’s a huge split between those who literally want to have a Native governing entity with limited autonomy ... and those who want the U.S. out of Hawaii,” one scholar said.

FULL TEXT OF ITEMS FROM MAY 1 THROUGH AUGUST 31, 2021 ARE AT
https://big11a.angelfire.com/AkakaHist117StartMay2021.html


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INDEX OF NEWS REPORTS AND COMMENTARIES FROM SEPTEMBER 1 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2021

September 11, 2021: Leon Siu, who imagines himself to be the Foreign Minister of the still-existing Hawaiian Kingdom, publishes twice-monthly "Ke Aupuni [government] Update"s. This one focuses on the 20th anniversary of the terrorist destruction of the twin towers of the N.Y. World Trade Center, saying that it is the existence of U.S. military bases in Hawaii, both on December 7 1941 and currently, that make Hawaii a target for enemies of the USA; and the disorderly pullout from Afghanistan shows the U.S. is an unreliable protector.

Sept 23: Honolulu Star-Advertiser commentary says Sen. Brian Schatz as chair of Indian Affairs Committee should squelch bill to give federal recognition to Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina because that would divert a billion dollars from programs for ethnic Hawaiians.

Sept 25: Leon Siu, Ke Aupuni Update, celebrates the Dept of Ed. decision to rename Honolulu's Central Middle School, and expresses hope DOE will soon also remove name and statue of McKinley High School because of its historic link with CMS and Princess Ruth Keelikolani.

Sept 30: Leon Siu commentary in Honolulu Star-Advertiser notes how easy it was to change name of a school which later spawned McKinley High School, therefore should be easy to change McKinley school name too. Says Pres McKinley deplored by Hawaiians like Robert E. Lee now deplored by Americans. Online rebuttal by Conklin

October 11, 2021: State of Hawaii Office of Hawaiian Affairs press release celebrating President Biden's proclamation of Indigenous Peoples Day and the fact that Biden included Native Hawaiians. But OHA statement then REBUKES BIDEN when it adds that "Native Hawaiians are owed the same trust responsibility as any other Native American group" and "the omission of Native Hawaiians from federal consultation requirements has stifled and limited Native Hawaiian voices from being able to comment upon and inform federal projects and programs for the past two decades."

Oct 16: Leon Siu, Ke Aupuni Update: The "Papal Bulls” set in motion 600 years of colonialism; U.N. Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples has been ineffective just like U.S. apology resolution for overthrow of Hawaiian monarchy; Hawaiians fighting to restore independence; get rid of McKinley name and statue at the school.

FULL TEXT OF ITEMS FROM SEPTEMBER 1 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2021 ARE AT
https://big11a.angelfire.com/AkakaHist117StartSept2021.html


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Send comments or questions to:
Ken_Conklin@yahoo.com

You may now

GO BACK TO THE INDEX OF TOPICS FOR THE HISTORY OF THE AKAKA BILL FOR THE ENTIRE 116TH CONGRESS, JANUARY 1, 2019 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2020, WITH LINKS TO SUBPAGES COVERING EACH PERIOD OF TIME

OR

SEE MORE INFORMATION OPPOSING THE CONCEPT OF THE HAWAIIAN GOVERNMENT REORGANIZATION BILL (2000-2012)

OR

GO BACK TO OTHER TOPICS ON THIS WEBSITE


(c) Copyright 2021 - 2022 Kenneth R. Conklin, Ph.D. All rights reserved


==================

Send comments or questions to:
Ken_Conklin@yahoo.com

You may now

GO BACK TO THE INDEX OF TOPICS FOR THE HISTORY OF THE AKAKA BILL FOR THE ENTIRE 116TH CONGRESS, JANUARY 1, 2019 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2020, WITH LINKS TO SUBPAGES COVERING EACH PERIOD OF TIME

OR

SEE MORE INFORMATION OPPOSING THE CONCEPT OF THE HAWAIIAN GOVERNMENT REORGANIZATION BILL (2000-2012)

OR

GO BACK TO OTHER TOPICS ON THIS WEBSITE


(c) Copyright 2021 - 2022 Kenneth R. Conklin, Ph.D. All rights reserved